How do jet engines work at high altitudes?

How does a jet engine get oxygen at high altitude?

Jet engines compress the air internally, making it much thicker and providing adequate oxygen for combustion.

Why are jet engines more efficient at high altitude?

Jet Engine Efficiency

The specific fuel consumption of jet engines decreases as the outside air temperature decreases for constant engine rpm and true airspeed (TAS). Thus, by flying at a high altitude, the pilot is able to operate at flight levels where fuel economy is best and with the most advantageous cruise speed.

How high can a jet engine operate?

Answer: The highest commercial airliner altitude was 60,000 feet by Concorde. The highest military air-breathing engine airplane was the SR-71 — about 90,000 feet. The highest airliner flying today reaches 45,000 feet. The highest business jet flying today reaches 51,000 feet.

How do jets fly in low oxygen?

Planes have lower oxygen levels

As a plane flies, air that flows through the engine gets sucked in, compressed, cooled, filtered, and pumped into the cabin.

How cold is it at 35000 feet?

How cold is it up there? The higher you get, the colder it gets, up until 40,000 feet. If the temperature at ground level was 20C, at 40,000 feet it would be -57C. At 35,000 feet the air temperature is about -54C.

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Why do jets fly at 35000 feet?

A balance between operating costs and fuel efficiency is achieved somewhere around 35,000 feet, which is why commercial airplanes usually fly at that altitude. Commercial airplanes can climb to 42,000 feet, but going beyond that can be precarious, as the air starts to become too thin for optimum flight of the airplane.

What happens if you stand in front of a jet engine?

If you’re standing somewhere near an active jet engine, you’re not going to survive. … These titanium blades suck a gigantic volume of air into the engine to be mixed with fuel within the engine’s nacelle, then combust into the hot gas that would create thrust.

Are jet engines more efficient than propellers?

Turbojet engines are most efficient at high speeds and high altitudes, while propellers are most efficient at slow and medium speeds (propellers become less efficient as the speed of the aircraft increases). Propellers also improve takeoff and climb performance.

Can planes idle in the air?

Techincally, there is only one way for the aircraft to remain hanging motionless in the air: if weight and lift cancel each other out perfectly, and at the same time thrust and drag cancel each other out too. But this is incredibly rare. To stay in the air and sustain its flight, an aircraft needs to be moving forward.

Why do jet engines not work in space?

Rocket Propulsion. Thrust is the force which moves an aircraft through the air. … For a rocket, the accelerated gas, or working fluid, is the hot exhaust; the surrounding atmosphere is not used. That’s why a rocket will work in space, where there is no surrounding air, and a jet engine or propeller will not work.

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What’s the highest commercial planes fly?

Most commercial aircraft are approved to fly at a maximum of around 42,000 feet. This maximum is also known as a ‘service ceiling. ‘ For example, for the double-decker Airbus A380 ‘superjumbo’ quadjet, this ceiling is 43,000 feet. Meanwhile, for the Boeing 787-8 and -9 ‘Dreamliner,’ it is 43,100 feet.