# You asked: What role does gravity play in how bumper cars move?

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## What makes bumper cars move?

The bumper cars run on electricity, carried by a pole on the back of the car that leads up to a wire grid in the ride’s ceiling. This grid carries the electricity that runs the car. Electrical energy carried to the cars from the grid is converted to kinetic energy, some of which is converted to heat.

## What forces are acting the bumper cars?

1. The first component of the force is in the direction of the car heading. This friction force exerts a force that is opposite the velocity vector in this direction and a fraction of the car speed. A friction force of 0 will cause the cars to move indefinitely, while a large force will cause the cars to barely move.

## What form of energy makes the bumper cars go?

Have you ever thought about how bumper cars work? They don’t have big rubber wheels, like regular cars do. You don’t fill them up with gas to make them go. They actually get their energy from electricity.

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## How does momentum apply in bumper cars?

Momentum is a directed (vector) quantity. Newton’s second law: The rate of change of momentum of an object is equal to the net force acting on it. When bumper cars collide they push on each other. These pushes cause the momentum of each car to change.

## What affects the momentum of each bumper car?

The two factors that affect the momentum of each bumper car are velocity and mass.

## Why do bumper cars stop in accidents?

If kinetic energy before is the same as after, then the collision is elastic. Interactions between molecules are examples of perfectly elastic collisions. … If two bumper cars collide head-on in a fairground and both cars come to a stop due to the collision, kinetic energy is obviously not conserved.

## What voltage do bumper cars run on?

The Dodgem Company lasted up into the early 1970’s and continued to make both portable and permanent design rides, all the while holding onto their original 110 volt design when the industry had switched to a 90 volt DC standard.

## What does bumper car mean?

: a small electric car made to be driven around in an enclosure and to be bumped into others (as at an amusement park)

## What causes the riders to move?

The chairs move in a circle at a moderate speed. The forces acting on a swing rider are the tension in the chain and the weight of the rider. … The sum of the forces on the x-axis provide the centripetal force, that is, the force that keeps the rider in a circle: the horizontal component of the tention force.

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## Which law of motion explains what happens during a ride on the bumper cars?

Newton’s First Law: Every object in motion continues in motion and every object at rest continues to be at rest unless an outside force acts upon it. … This is because your body’s inertia wants it to keep traveling in the direction it was moving with the car even though your bumper car has now suddenly stopped.